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Glossary of Terms

Anthropogenic Pollution - Pollution from human activity such as cesspools, sewage, or even the placement of fertilizer.

Buffer Zone - An area along or surrounding a wetland which, if kept in its natural state, will protect the wetland in question.

Endangered Species - Those species of plants or animals, who reason damage to, or loss of habitat, are threatened with extinction.

Floodplain - Areas that are generally dry but which will fill with water at times of excessive precipitation or snowmelt which cause a body of water to overflow its banks. These areas protect other areas from flooding.

Fluvial - Relating to the flow of water.

Groundwaters - Areas such as aquifers where water collects and poll beneath the surface of the ground. They are often the source of drinking water in a community.

Habitat - a place where a living thing of any kind lives its life.

Invasive Species - Species of plants or animals which manage to invade and threaten a habitat in which they had not previously lived. Their presence often alters, damages, or destroys habitats.

Land Stewardship - A carefully planned strategy to monitor and ensure the continued health and viability of areas of land.


Riparian - Relating to wetlands immediately adjacent to a river.

Riparian Landowner - a person who owns lands directing on a river.

Sustainability - Creating circumstances by specific strategies that will increase the chances of conditions being maintained into the future.

Surface Waters - These waters we can see such as those in rivers and ponds.


Watershed - An area that drains rain and snowmelt into a river or stream. It can be as small as a footprint or as large as a continent.

Wetlands - Any areas on the land’s surface which for all or part of the year, contain water or are wet.

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